According to Regulations n. 987 del 2009
and n. 883 del 2004,
the term ‘cross-border worker’ indicates any worker who pursues his/her occupation in the territory of one Member State and resides in the territory of another,
as a rule, he/she returns
at least once a week.
Cross-border workers are required to pay social security contributions in the country where they work
In Italy, the flow of cross-border workers is to and from Switzerland, France, Croatia, Austria, Slovenia, the Principality of Monaco and the Republic of San Marino.
While the aforesaid regulations regarding social security apply to all the Member States of the EEA, the Principality of Monaco
and the Republic of San Marino
refer to specific bilateral agreements.
As far as social protection is concerned, cross-border workers have the right to equal treatment with other types of workers:
- they pay social security contributions in the country they work in
- they are entitled to family allowances, even for family members resident in another Member State
they receive a separate pension from each Member State in which they were insured for a period of at least one year.